A study on child abuse and neglect

Psychosocial Consequences Some studies suggest that certain signs of severe neglect such as when a child experiences dehydration, diarrhea, or malnutrition without receiving appropriate care may lead to developmental delays, attention deficits, poorer social skills, and less emotional stability.

Oates a,b; has described some nonspecific behavioral characteristics of nonorganic failure to thrive infants, which include lack of smiling, an expressionless face, gaze aversion, self-stimulating behavior, intolerance of changes in routine, low activity level, and flexed hips.

In addition, the study provided data on the distribution of child maltreatment by perpetrator characteristics. Participants were asked their permission to record, and no names were used in the transcription, to maintain confidentiality.

Dykes has indicated that infants who are shaken vigorously by the extremities or shoulders may sustain intracranial and intraocular bleeding with no sign of external head trauma. Five months after Jason was remained home, the children were found in the hall playing with a lighter and gasoline.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4): Report to Congress

In a prospective study of the qualitative range of caregiving in a high-risk sample, Egeland and Sroufe a identified a group of mothers who were psychologically unavailable to their infants.

The lowest estimates of 7 percent were based on a large study that included many well-functioning and older children. Estimates of sexually abused children diagnosed as meeting the DSM-III-R criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder range from 21 percent Deblinger et al.

Poorly attached children are at risk for diminished self-esteem and thus view themselves more negatively than nonmaltreated children. Using multiple measures across different situations and outcome measures designed to assess the salient developmental issues of each age, the results indicated that children in all maltreatment groups functioned poorly Erickson et al.

They found that approximately the same percentage of sexually inappropriate behavior in physically abused 17 percent as in sexually abused chil- Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Abuse and neglect may result in serious health problems that can adversely affect children's development and result in irremediable lasting consequences.

Our analysis showed that conversations about abuse and neglect move quickly into conversations about discipline, including ambiguity about what constitutes abuse, and the context of behaviors that makes identifying abuse uncertain.

Maltreated children may also be less competent in their social interactions with peers Straus and Gelles, ; Howes and Espinosa, These children were observed with their mothers in a problem-solving situation at 24 months and a teaching task at 42 months and were found to be angry, noncomplacent, lacking in persistence, and displaying little positive affect.

Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4): Report to Congress

Eventually, the parent may begin to perceive the child as quiet, sickly, or not very competent, perceptions that may not be shared by others who observe the child Ayoub and Miler, ; Kotelchuck, NIS-3 used the harm and endangered standards to provide insights into the incidence and distribution of child maltreatment and into changes in incidence since the previous study.

Studies have generally not examined whether the results are due to exposure to parental violence, the effects of confounding variables such as child rejection, limited caretaking skills, and parental in- Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Research on the consequences of child maltreatment is also uneven and, as a result, we do not yet understand the consequences on children of particular types or multiple forms of abuse.

Maltreatment often occurs in the presence of multiple problems within a family or social environment, including poverty, violence, substance abuse, and unemployment.

One of the most dramatic findings for these children was the nearly 40 point decline in performance on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development between 9 and 24 months. In several studies, school-age victims of physical abuse showed lower self-esteem on self-report Allen and Tarnowski, ; Kinard, ; Oates et al.

Estimates of sexually abused children diagnosed as meeting the DSM-III-R criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder range from 21 percent Deblinger et al.

The police arrived, removed the Jason from the mother, and returned him to the foster home. Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors.

Dodge and colleagues found that physically harmed 4-year-old children showed deviant patterns of processing social information, related to aggressive behavior, at age 5. The findings for sexually abused children are inconsistent.

Over time their functioning deteriorated. The mother reacted to this by specifically threatening to kill the case manager. Across six studies of sexually abused preschoolers those most likely to manifest such symptomsapproximately 35 percent of the abused children showed such behaviors.

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention

The police arrived, removed the Jason from the mother, and returned him to the foster home. A referral had been made to a homebased program and the court authorized the child's return upon the recommendation by the service agency. While I believe reunification is possible, the concerns, most notable the question of attachment, needs continued attention in order to evaluate the risk to Jason.

In the preschool classroom, these children presented varied and serious behavior problems.

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention

In the absence of growth indicators of nonorganic failure to thrive or deprivational dwarfism, clinical diagnosis of child neglect is quite difficult. The failure to provide age-appropriate care such as parental availability and nurturancecognitive stimulation, or achievement expectations also can have profound psychological impact, especially when such omissions occur during critical child and adolescent developmental periods.

Dec 11,  · RAND research on child abuse and neglect includes studies on the physical and mental effects on children, preventing and reporting child abuse, exposure to violence in foster care, and disparities among sociodemographic groups.

Essay. How the Child-Welfare System Could Protect More Kids and Save Billions of Dollars. The principal objectives of the NIS–4 were to provide updated estimates of the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States and measure changes in incidence from the earlier studies.

The NIS serves as the nation’s needs assessment on child abuse and neglect.

The National Incidence Study (NIS)

Amy B. Silverman, Helen Z. Reinherz, Rose M. Giaconia, The long-term sequelae of child and adolescent abuse: A longitudinal community study, Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 20, Issue 8, AugustPages Child abuse and neglect are critical issues in education.

This lesson plan uses a video lesson to introduce and explain examples of abuse and neglect. A followed which read, "mother leaves the children alone and will lock them in their room for hours mother leaves the children in the care of a 12 year old who drinks and smokes." The children were removed for neglect, specifically life endangering environment and lack of supervision.

The National Incidence Study (NIS) is a congressionally mandated, periodic research effort to assess the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States.

A study on child abuse and neglect
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Franklin & Marshall - PAFSA Child Abuse and Neglect Case Study