European exploration and colonization of

Dias sailed around the tip of Africa and into the Indian Ocean before his frightened crew forced him to give up the quest. Portugal in the Age of DiscoverySpanish colonization of the Americasand First European colonization wave 15th century—19th century The first phase of well-financed European activity in the Americas began with the Atlantic Ocean crossings of Christopher Columbus —sponsored by Spain, whose original attempt was to find a new route to India and China, known as " the Indies ".

Early European travelers to Asia such as Marco Polo reported a large ocean off the coast of Asia, but it was not until the late 15th century that European explorers and trading ships succeeded in sailing around Africa and then sailing to the western rim of the Pacific Ocean.

These developments included the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Renaissance, the unification of small states into larger ones with centralized political power, the emergence of new technology in navigation and shipbuilding, and the establishment of overland trade with the East and the accompanying transformation of the medieval economy.

The population of indigenous peoples declined mostly from European diseases, but also from forced exploitation and atrocities. Inthe papal bull Sublimis Deus definitively recognized that Native Americans possessed souls, thus prohibiting their enslavement, without putting an end to the debate.

Their fathers signed the papers that gave them free passage to America and an unpaid job until they became of age. It also meant insufficient sleep. About ten years later another trading company, the West India Company, settled groups of colonists on Manhattan Island and at Fort Orange.

Islam spread throughout the Middle East and into Europe until They were joined by the English and the Dutch, who established commercial and colonial footholds in the Pacific Basin during the 17th century.

Exploration and Colonization

Columbus, hoping to make such a voyage, spent years seeking a sponsor and finally found one in Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain after they defeated the Moors and could turn their attention to other projects. Augustine for almost a month.

Portuguese colonization in the s inaugurated an era of aggressive European expansion across the Atlantic. Each time he returned more certain that he had reached the East. However, transporting goods along the Silk Road was costly, slow, and unprofitable. Magellan's and Faleiro's expedition of — was the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean Magellan named it the "peaceful sea".

The great majority became subsistence farmers along the St. Imagine you are a European explorer in the s. In Jean Ribault headed an expedition that explored the St.

Initially, France encouraged colonization by granting charters to fur-trading companies.

Motivation for European conquest of the New World

Waves of repression led to the migration of about 20, Puritans to New England between andwhere they founded multiple colonies. Europeans traded for slaves with the slave capturers of the local native African tribes in exchange for rum, guns, gunpowder, and other manufactures.

Exploration of North America

As in the Iberian Peninsulathe inhabitants of Hispaniola were given new landmasters, while religious orders handled the local administration. The Northern Voyages, a. Columbus, hoping to make such a voyage, spent years seeking a sponsor and finally found one in Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain after they defeated the Moors and could turn their attention to other projects.

Survivors of his expedition eventually reached Mexico. Instead, the French traded with inland tribes for furs and fished off the coast of Newfoundland. Some claimed that a native who had rebelled and then been captured could be enslaved nonetheless. How did the Crusades influence European colonization projects.

However, Spain—participating indirectly in the war as an ally of France—captured Pensacola from the British in The lure of cheap land, religious freedom and the right to improve themselves with their own hand was very attractive.

Early European travelers to Asia such as Marco Polo reported a large ocean off the coast of Asia, but it was not until the late 15th century that European explorers and trading ships succeeded in sailing around Africa and then sailing to the western rim of the Pacific Ocean.

Muslim middlemen collected taxes as the goods changed hands. About ten years later another trading company, the West India Company, settled groups of colonists on Manhattan Island and at Fort Orange.

The passage of their fleet around the tip of South America was made via what subsequently was named the Strait of Magellan. Although more prosperous under this administration, the French empire failed to match the wealth of New Spain or the growth of neighboring British colonies.

As slavery was prohibited between Christians, and could only be imposed in non-Christian prisoners of war or on men already sold as slaves, the debate on Christianization was particularly acute during the 16th century. Those who benefited most were merchants who sat astride the great overland trade routes, especially the merchants of the Italian city-states of Genoa, Venice, and Florence.

Atlantic slave trade African slaves 17th-century VirginiaIn fact, recent archaeological excavations have suggested a vast Spanish-Indian alliance numbering in the hundreds of thousands. European encounters with the New World were viewed in light of these preconceived notions.

European Exploration and Colonization

Early Christian Europeans had inherited from the Jews a powerful prophetic tradition that drew upon apocalyptic biblical texts in the books of Daniel, Isaiah, and Revelations. A year later, Vasco da Gama succeeded in reaching India and returned to Portugal laden with jewels and spices.

During the 17th century, indentured servants constituted three-quarters of all European immigrants to the Chesapeake region. What Are The Lasting Effects Of Spanish Colonization On Food?

Foods: •Introduced cheese, rice and other foods. •Spanish colonists combined traditional.

Exploration of North America

European explorations eventually led to the European colonization of North America. European countries began to claim territories in North America to expand their influence in the new lands. Slowly, the countries began to settle these areas to protect their newly claimed territories.

The Exploration and Colonization of Oceania and Polynesia.

Exploration and Colonization

The history of the human exploration and colonization of the Pacific Basin is one of the most important subjects in human history and anthropology. Reasons for Exploration: All of the European nations (Spain, France, England, and the Netherlands) came to America for the same 4 major reasons: wealth & power, religion, nationalism, and the Renaissance spirit of curiosity and adventure.

European explorations eventually led to the European colonization of North America. European countries began to claim territories in North America to expand their influence in the new lands.

Slowly, the countries began to settle these areas to protect their newly claimed territories. Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Trade Route to Asia in the s European Trade With Asia Traders - people who get wealth by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling those things to.

European exploration and colonization of
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Exploration of North America - HISTORY